- Council of Europe
- Intergovernmental organization. Established in the wake of World War II, the Council of Europe was created to promote reconciliation between the various peoples of Europe and prevent the vicious nationalism that characterized earlier periods of history. Founded by Western European governments, most of which were North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) members, the organization focused on human rights, democracy promotion, and the rule of law. As such, the council emerged as a keen critic of the actions of the Soviet Union and the various regimes of the Eastern Bloc during the Cold War for their treatment of ethnic minorities and religious groups. Such criticisms were integral to the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) and its allies subscribing to the Helsinki Accords in 1975, which committed the regimes to respect of human rights and dignity.Beginning in 1989, the council was reinvigorated by the political shift as the Iron Curtain fell across East-Central Europe. As part of their larger project of European integration, the post-totalitarian regimes of Eastern Europe and the former Soviet republics began to actively seek admission to the organization. With the spread of ethnic violence in the Caucasus, Moldova, and other parts of the former USSR, the council became an important player in publicizing minority issues and resolving conflicts. Russia joined the organization on 28 February 1996, after promising to end the death penalty (although a number of executions took place after that date). Russia’s membership, however, has been criticized as diluting the overall mission of the council since the country, as a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council, is not beholden to any external political influences and frequently flouts Europeans norms, particularly in relation to its conduct in Chechnya.
Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation. Robert A. Saunders and Vlad Strukov. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Council of Europe — an intergovernmental body set up in 1949 to promote European political, economic, social and cultural integration. It is distinct from the European Union. There were originally ten signatory states, including the UK. There are currently 41 member … Law dictionary
Council of Europe — A consultative body of European states, at first (1949) thought of as the parliament of a future European federation • • • Main Entry: ↑council … Useful english dictionary
Council of Europe — Not to be confused with European Council or Council of the European Union. Council of Europe Conseil de l Europe … Wikipedia
Council of Europe — Based in Strasbourg, France, and including the majority of European countries, the Council first took an interest in Gypsies in 1969 when the Consultative Assembly adopted Recommendation 563 on the Situation of Gypsies and other Travelers in… … Historical dictionary of the Gypsies
Council of Europe — Council of Eu|rope, the an organization which was established in 1949 to develop greater unity between the countries of Europe, and to encourage ↑democratic government and respect for human rights. It now consists of about 40 European countries,… … Dictionary of contemporary English
Council of Europe — council of western European nations … English contemporary dictionary
Council of Europe — an organization that aims to protect human rights and encourage European countries to work together in areas such as culture, education, sport, health, crime and the environment. It is based in Strasbourg, France, and has 45 European countries as … Universalium
Council of Europe — A body established in 1949, as the first European political institution of the postwar era. Britain is a member, along with 46 other countries. Its stated purpose was ‘to achieve a greater unity between its members for the purpose of… … Glossary of UK Government and Politics
Council of Europe — noun a confederation of European states, established in 1949 for the maintenance of civil liberties and the achievement of common objectives … Australian English dictionary
Council of Europe Parliamentary Assembly Resolution 1416 (2005) — Council of Europe Parliamentary Assembly (PACE) Resolution 1416 (2005) is PACE Resolution 1416, titled “The conflict over the Nagorno Karabakh region dealt with by the OSCE Minsk Conference”, is a resolution of PACE about the situation on… … Wikipedia